Chronic illness and disability profoundly impacts the lives of many individuals. For example, approximately one in five Americans has physical, sensory, psychiatric, or cognitive impairments that affect their daily activities. Psychosocial adaptation entails the integration of illness or disability into the individual’s life, identity, self-concept, and body image. Psychosocial adaptation is defined as the process in which a person with a disability moves from a state of disablement to a state of enablement and is characterized by the transformation from negative to positive well-being (Livneh & Antonak, 2005). Observed across disability groups, psychosocial adaptation occurs as the individual moves toward a state of optimal person-environment congruence…
Source: Chan, F., Cardoso, E., Chronister, J., & Hiatt, E. (2012). Psychosocial adjustment. In M. D. Gellman, & J. R. Turner (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine. New York: Springer/Springer Reference Live.